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  • Schurz, G. (2021): Erkenntnistheorie: Eine Einführung. J. B. Metzler.
  • Baraghith, K. & Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. (2021): The Many Faces of Generalizing the Theory of Evolution, in: American Philosophical Quarterly, Vol. 58, Issue 1, 35-49.


  • Christian, A. (2020): Gute wissenschaftliche Praxis, Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • Schurz, G. (2020): "Twelve Great Papers: Comments and Replies. Response to a Special Issue on Logical Perspectives on Science and Cognition – The Philosophy of Gerhard Schurz", Synthese 197, 1661–1695.
  • Schippers, M. & Schurz, G. (2020): "Genuine Confirmation and Tacking By Conjunction", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 71(1), 321-352.


  • Schurz, G. & Hertwig, R. (2019): "Cognitive Success", Topics in Cognitive Science 11(1), 2019, 7–36.
  • Thorn, P. & Schurz, G. (2019): "Meta-Inductive Prediction based on Attractivity Weighting: An Empirical Performance Evaluation", Journal of Mathematical Psychology 89 (2019) 13–30.
  • Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. (2019): Elementare Definitionstheorie. Stuttgart: Metzler.
  • Thorn, P. & Schurz, G. (2019): "Meta-Inductive Prediction based on Attractivity Weighting: An Empirical Performance Evaluation," in: Journal of Mathematical Psychology 89, 13–30.
  • Baraghith, K. (2019): Die Evolution der Kohäsion - Buchrezension zu: Meißelbach, C., "Die Evolution der Kohäsion. Sozialkapital und die Natur des Menschen", Wiesbaden: Springer 2019, in: Philosophisches Jahrbuch 126/2.
  • Baraghith, K. (2019): Emergence of Public Meaning from a Teleosemantic and Game Theoretical Perspective, in: Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy, Volume 33, Issue 1 (2019).
  • Strößner, C. (2019): "The normative force of logical and probabilistic reasoning in improving beliefs". in: Theoria 6.


  • Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. & Gebharter, A. (2018): “Modeling Creative Abduction Bayesian Style”. In: European Journal for Philosophy of Science. DOI: 10.1007/s13194-018-0234-4.
  • Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. (2018): “Knowledge First and Rational Action”. In: Teorema. International Journal of Philosophy 37.2 (2018), pp. 31–54.
  • Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. (2018) “Is Mereology Ontologically Innocent? Well, it Depends. . . ” In: Philosophia. DOI: 10.1007/s11406-018-9985-6.
  • Schurz, G. (2018): "Optimality Justifications: New Foundations for Foundation-Oriented Epistemology", in Synthese 2018, doi: 10.1007/s11229-017-1363-6.
  • Schurz, G. (2018)"Impossibility Results for Rational Belief",  in Noûs 2018, doi: 10.1111/nous.12214
  • Schurz, G. & Kornmesser, S. (2018): "Analyzing Theories in the Frame Model", Erkenntnis 2018, doi.org/10.1007/s10670-018-0078-5.
  • Schippers, M. & Schurz G. (2018): "Genuine Confirmation and Tacking By Conjunction", British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 2018, doi.org/10.1093/bjps/axy005
  • Sekatskaya, M. 2018. “Double Defence Against Multiple Case Manipulation Arguments”, in: Philosophia, DOI: 10.1007/s11406-018-0043-1
  • Strößner, C. (2018): “Modification and default inheritance”. In: Gamerschlag, T. et al (eds.): Proceeding of CoSt 2016, Language, Cognition and Mind. Springer
  • Strößner, C. (2018): “The Logic of “Most” and “Mostly”. Axiomathes (28, 1).
  • Thorn, P. (2018): “Induction by Direct Inference Meets the Goodman Problem“. In: Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy 32/2, 1–24.
  • Thorn, P. (2018): "On the Preference for More Specific Reference Classes". Synthese 194/6, 2025–2051.
  • Thorn, P. (2018): "Against Deductive Closure". Theoria 83/2, 103–119.
  • Thorn, P. (2018): "A Note Concerning Infinite Regresses of Deferred Justification". Philosophia 45/1, 349–357.
  • Thorn, P. (2018): "Direct Inference from Imprecise Frequencies". In Massimi, Romeijn, & Schurz (eds.), EPSA15 Selected Papers - The 5th conference of the European Philosophy of Science Association in Düsseldorf. Springer, 347–358.


  • Cevolani, G. & Schurz, G. (2016) "Probability, approximate truth, and truthlikeness: more ways out of the Preface Paradox", Australasian Journal of Philosophy, 2016.
  • Christian, A. (2017). "On the Suppression of Medical Evidence", Journal for General Philosophy of Science, 48 (3):395-418.
  • Gebharter, A. (2017) Causal nets, interventionism, and mechanisms: Philosophical foundations and applications. Synthese Library 381. Cham: Springer. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-49908-6

  • Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. (2017) “Can Religious and Secular Belief be Rationally Combined?” In: International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 82.3 (2017), pp. 299–319. DOI: 10.1007/s11153-017-9613-6.
  • Schurz, G. (2017)"No Free Lunch Theorem, Inductive Skepticism, and the Optimality of  Meta-Induction", Philosophy of Science 84, 2017, 825-839.
  • Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. (2017) “Optimisation in a Synchronised Prediction Setting”. In: Journal for General Philosophy of Science 48.3, pp. 419–437. DOI: 10.1007/s10838-017-9379-7.
  • Feldbacher-Escamilla, C. (2017) “One Dogma of Analyticism”. In: Logique et Analyse 240, pp. 429–444. DOI: 10.2143/LEA.240.0.3254090.
  • Thorn, Paul D. (2017) “Against Deductive Closure.” Theoria 83 (2):103-119.


  • Baumgartner, M., & Gebharter, A. (2016). “Constitutive relevance, mutual manipulability, and fat-handedness,” British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 67(3), 731–756. doi:10.1093/bjps/axv003
  • Gebharter, A. (2016) “Another problem with RBN models of mechanisms.” Theoria – An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 31(2), 177–188. doi:10.1387/theoria.14502
  • Gebharter, A. (2016) “Uncovering constitutive relevance relations in mechanisms.” Philosophical Studies. Advance online publication. doi:10.1007/s11098-016-0803-3
  • Gebharter, A., & Schurz, G. (2016). “A modeling approach for mechanisms featuring causal cycles.” Philosophy of Science, 83(5), 934–945. doi:10.1086/687876
  • Schurz, G., & Gebharter, A. (2016). “Causality as a theoretical concept: Explanatory warrant and empirical content of the theory of causal nets.” Synthese, 193(4), 1073–1103. doi:10.1007/s11229-014-0630-z
  • Gebharter, A., & Schurz, G. (Eds.). (2016). Causation, probability, and truth – the philosophy of Clark Glymour [Special issue]. Synthese, 193(4).
  • Schippers, M., & G. Schurz (2016) "Genuine coherence as mutual confirmation between content elements", Studia Logica 2016.
  • Schurz, G & Thorn, P. D. (2016). The Revenge of Ecological Rationality: Strategy-Selection by Meta-Induction Within Changing Environments. Minds and Machines 26 (1-2):31-59.

  • Schurz, G. "Common Cause Abduction: The Formation of Theoretical Concepts and Models in Science", Logic Journal of the IGPL 24/4, 2016, 494-509. (undefinedonline)
  • Thorn, P. D. & Schurz, G. (2016). “Attractivity Weighting: Take-the-Best's Foolproof Sibling.” In A. Papafragou, D. Grodner, D. Mirman & J. C. Trueswell (eds.), Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 456-461

  • Thorn, P. D. & Schurz, G. (2016). ”Qualitative probabilistic inference under varied entropy levels.” Journal of Applied Logic 19 (2):87-101.

  • Gebharter, A. (2015). Causal exclusion and causal Bayes nets. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. Advance online publication. doi:10.1111/phpr.12247
  • Baumgartner, M., & Gebharter, A.: "Constitutive relevance, mutual manipulability, and fat-handedness", in: British Journal for the Philosophy of Science. Advance online publication, 2015. doi:10.1093/bjps/axv003
  • Christian, A., & Schurz, G.: "Bericht: Werte in den Wissenschaften", in: Information Philosophie, (3), 2015.
  • Feldbacher, C.J.: “Automatic Metaphor Interpretation in the Framework of Structural Semantics", in: Proceedings of the Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour (AISB) 2015 Convention. Ed. by Colin Johnson. AISB. Canterbury, 2015.
  • Kornmesser, S.: “A Frame-Based Approach for Theoretical Concepts”. In: Synthese, 2015. DOI 10.1007/s11229-015-0750-0.
  • Schurz, G. & Gebharter, A.: "Causality as a Theoretical Concept: Explanatory Warrant and Empirical Content of the Theory of Causal Nets", in: Synthese Feb 2015.
  • Schurz, G. & Thorn, P.: "The Revenge of Ecological Rationality: Strategy-Selection by Meta-Induction Within Changing Environments", in: Minds and Machines 2015.
  • Schurz, G.: "Ostensive Learnability as a Test Criterion for Theory-Neutral Observation Concepts", in: Journal for General Philosophy of Science 462015, 139-153.
  • Schurz, G.: “Causality and Unification: How Causality Unifies Statistical Regularities”, in: Theoria 30/1, 2015, 73-95.
  • Thorn, P. & Schurz. G.: "Ampliative Inference under Varied Entropy Levels", C.  Beierle & G. Kern-Isberner (eds.), in: Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Dynamics of Knowledge and Belief (DKB-2013), FernUniversität in Hagen, 77-88.
  • Thorn, P., Eichhorn, C., Kern-Isberner, G., & Schurz, G.: "Qualitative Probabilistic Inference with Default Inheritance" in: Beierle, Kern-Isberner, Ragni, and Stolzenburg (eds.), Proceedings of 5th Workshop on Dynamics of Knowledge and Belief, CEUR-WS, 2015.
  • Thorn, P: "Nick Bostrom: Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies", In: Minds and Machines 25 (3), 2015, 285-289.
  • Thorn, P: "Wise Crowds, Clever Meta-Inductivists." In: Mäki, Ruphy, Schurz, & Votsis (eds.), Recent Developments in the Philosophy of Science: EPSA13 Helsinki, Springer, 2015.
  • Votsis, I., Tacca, M. & Schurz, G.: Theory-LadennessJournal for General Philosophy of Science 46/1, 2015 (guest-edited volume)
  • Bucher, L. & Thorn, P. D.: "Minimality Criteria in Spatial Belief Revision", in: P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane & B. Scassellati (eds.): Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society, 2014, 1952-8.

  • Feldbacher, C. J.: "Analogies in Scientific Explanations: Concept Formation by Analogies in Cultural Evolutionary Theory", In: H. J. Ribeiro (ed.), Systematic Approaches to Argument by Analogy. New York: Springer, 2014, 209-226.

  • Gebharter, A. "A formal framework for representing mechanisms?", Philosophy of Science, 2014, 81(1), 138-153. doi:10.1086/674206

  • Gebharter, A., & Kaiser, M. I.: Causal graphs and biological mechanisms. in: M. I. Kaiser, O. Scholz, D. Plenge, & A. Hüttemann (eds.), Explanation in the special sciences: The case of biology and history. Synthese Library 367, 2014, 55-85

  • Gebharter, A., & Schurz, G. (2014). How Occam’s razor provides a neat definition of direct causation. In: J. M. Mooij, D. Janzing, J. Peters, T. Claassen, & A. Hyttinen (Eds.), Proceedings of the UAI workshop Causal Inference: Learning and Prediction. Retrieved from ceurws.org/Vol-1274/uai2014ci_paper1.pdf

  • Gebharter, A., & Schurz, G. (eds.): "Explanation, causality, and unification". Theoria, 2014, 29(1), 3-82.

  • Gebharter, A., & Schurz, G.: "Editor's introduction". Theoria, 2014 29(1), 5-7. doi:10.1387/theoria.10708 

  • Kornmesser, S. & Schurz, G. (eds.): Die multiparadigmatische Struktur der Wissenschaften. Springer VS, Wiesbaden, 2014.

  • Kornmesser, S.: "Model-Based Research Programs". Conceptus41, 2014, 135-187.

  • Kornmesser, S.: "Rivalisierende Paradigmen in der Linguistik: Generative Grammatik und Konstruktionsgrammatik". in: S. Kornmesser und G. Schurz (eds.), Die multiparadigmatische Struktur der Wissenschaften. Springer VS, Wiesbaden, 2014, 229-270.

  • Kornmesser, S.: "Scientific Revolutions without Paradigm-Replacement and the Coexistence of Competing Paradigms: The Case of Generative Grammar and Construction Grammar". Journal for General Philosophy of Science45, 2014, 91-118.

  • Kornmesser, S.: "Theoretische Begriffe und empirische Prüfbarkeit im Logischen Empirismus und im Strukturalismus". in: I. Elbe, P. Hogh, C. Zunke (eds.), Oldenburger Jahrbuch für Philosophie 2012. Oldenburg: BIS-Verlag, 2014, 97-123.

  • Kornmesser, S.: „Die multiparadigmatische Struktur der Wissenschaften“. Konferenzveröffentlichung zum XXIII. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Philosophie 2014 in Münsterhttp://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:hbz:6-72319610163.

  • Nejasmic, J., Bucher, L., Thorn, P. D. & Knauff, M.: "Construction and Revision of Spatial Mental Models Under High Task Demand", in: P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane & B. Scassellati (eds.): Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society, 2014, 1066-72.

  • Schurz, G. & Thorn P. D.: " The Revenge of Ecological Rationality: Strategy-Selection by Meta-Induction Within Changing Environments", to appear in: Minds and Machines 2014.

  • Schurz, G. & Thorn, P. D.: "TTB Vs. Franklin´s Rule in Environments of Different Redundancy”, Frontiers in Psychology 2014.

  • Schurz, G. & Thorn, P.:  "A Utility Based Evaluation of Logico-Probabilistic Systems", Studia Logica 102 (4), 2014, 867-90.

  • Schurz, G.: "Ceteris Paribus and Ceteris Rectis Laws: Content and Causal Role", Erkenntnis 79 (10), 2014, 1801-1817.

  • Schurz, G.: "Cognitive Success: Instrumental Justifications of Normative Systems of Reasoning", Frontiers in Psychology (Section Cognitive Science), Vol. 5 (article 625, published  01 July) 2014, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00625.

  • Schurz, G.: "Evolutionary Explanations and the Role of Mechanisms", in: M. Kaiser, O. Scholz, D. Plenge, & A. Hüttemann (eds.), Explanation in the Special Sciences - The Case of Biology and History, Springer (Synthese Library), Heidelberg, 2014, 155-170.

  • Schurz, G.: "Koexistenz und Komplementarität rivalisierender Paradigmen: Analyse, Diagnose und kulturwissenschaftliches Fallbeispiel", in: S. Kornmesser und G. Schurz (eds.), Die multiparadigmatische Struktur der Wissenschaften, Springer VS, Wiesbaden, 2014, 47-62.

  • Schurz, G.: "Models of  the Development of Scientific Theories", to appear in: S. O. Hansson and V. H. Hendricks (eds.), Handbook of Formal Philosophy, Springer, New York, 2014.

  • Schurz, G.: "Ostensive Learnability as a Test Criterion for Theory-Neutral Observation Concepts", to appear in: Journal for General Philosophy of Science 2014.

  • Schurz, G.: "Unification and Explanation: Explanation as a Prototype Concept. A Reply to Weber and van Dyck, Gijsberg, and de Regt", Theoria 2014.

  • Schurz. G.: "Criteria of Theoreticity: Bridging Statement and Non Statement View", Erkenntnis 79/8, 1521-1545 (link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10670013-9581-x).

  • Thorn, P. D. "Defeasible Conditionalization", Journal of Philosophical Logic 43, 2014, 283-302.

  • Unterhuber, M. & Schurz, G.: "Logic and Probability: Reasoning in Uncertain Environments – Introduction to the Special Issue", Studia Logica 102 (4), 2014, 663-671.

  • Unterhuber, M. & Schurz, G.: Logic and Probability, Studia Logica 102 (guest-edited volume).

  • Unterhuber, M., Gebharter, A., & Schurz, G. (2014). Philosophy of science in Germany, 1992–2012: Survey-based overview and quantitative analysis. Journal for General Philosophy of Science, 45(1, suppl.), 71–160. doi:10.1007/s10838-014-9270-8

  • Unterhuber, U. & Schurz, G.: "Completeness and Correspondence in Chellas-Segerberg Semantics", Studia Logica 102 (4), 2014, 891-911, (link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11225-013-9504-5). 

  • Votsis, I.; Fahrbach, L. & Schurz, G.: Novel Predictions, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 45, 2014 (guest-edited volume).

  • Schurz, M. & Unterhuber, M.: "Completeness and Correspondence in Chellas-Segerberg Semantics, to appear in: Studia Logica, 2013.

  • Schurz, G. "Wertneutralität und hypothetische Werturteile in den Wissenschaften", in: G. Schurz, M. Carrier (eds.), Werte in den Wissenschaften. Neue Ansätze zum Werturteilsstreit, Suhrkamp (stw 2062), Frankfurt/M., 2013, 305-334.

  • Schurz, G. & Votsis, I.: "Reconstructing Scientific Theory Change by Means of Frames", in: T. Gamerschlag et al. (eds.), Frames and Concept Types. Application in Language and Philosophy, Springer, New York 2013, 93-119.

  • Schurz, G. & Carrier, M. (eds.), Werte in den Wissenschaften. Neue Ansäte zum Werturteilsstreit. Suhrkamp, Berlin 2013.

  • Schurz, G.: "Bayesian Pseudo-Confirmation, Use-Novelty, and Genuine Confirmation", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 45, 2013, 87-96, (DOI: 10.1016/j.shpsa.2013.10.008).

  • Thorn, P. D. & Schurz, G.: "Ampliative Inference Under Varied Entropy Levels´s" in: Ch. Beierle & G. Kern-Isberner (eds.), Proceedings of the 4th Workshop on Dynamics of Knowledge and Belief. Fakultät für Mathematik und Informatik, FernUniversität in Hagen, 2013, 77-88.

  • Thorn, P. D.: "Cognitivist Probabilism", In: V. Punochar & P. Svarny (eds.): The Logica Yearbook 2012, College Publications, 2013, 201-213.

  • Unterhuber, M. & Schurz, G.: "The New Tweety Puzzle: Arguments against Monistic Bayesian Approaches in Epistemology and Cognitive Science", Synthese 1902013, 1407-1435, online: DOI 10.1007/s11229-012-0159-y.

  • Unterhuber, M.: Possible Worlds Semantics for Indicative and Counterfactual Conditionals? A Formal Philosophical Inquiry into Chellas-Segerberg Semantics. Ontos Verlag (Logos Series), Frankfurt 2013.

  • Gebharter, A. (2013). Solving the flagpole problem. Journal for General Philosophy of Science, 44(1), 63–67. doi:10.1007/s10838-013-9208-6

  • Feldbacher, C. J.: "Meta-Induction and the Wisdom of Crowds. Comment on Paul Thorn and Gerhard Schurz", Analyse und Kritik 34 (2), 2012, 367-382.

  • Gebharter, A. & Schurz, G.: "For a Better Understanding of Causality", Metascience, Vol. 1/3, 2012, 643-648.

  • Schurz, G. & Thorn, P. D.: "Reward versus Risk in Uncertain Inference: Theorems and Simulations", Review of Symbolic Logic 5/4, 2012, 574-612 (DOI: 10.1017/S1755020312000184).

  • Schurz, G.: "Meta-Induction in Epistemic Networks and Social Spread of Knowledge", Episteme 9 (2), 2012, 151-170.

  • Thorn, P. D. "Two Problems of Direct Inference", Erkenntnis, 76 (3), 2012.

  • Thorn, P. D., and Schurz, G. "Meta-Induction and the Wisdom of Crowds", Analyse and Kritik, 34 (2), 2012.

  • Votsis, I. & Schurz, G.: "A Frame-Theoretic Analysis of Two Rival Conceptions of Heat", Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 43(1), 2012, 105-114.

  • "Interview with Gerhard Schurz", The Reasoner, Vol. 5, No. 10, October 2011, 160-165.

  • Kuipers, T. & Schurz, G.: "Belief Revision Aiming at Truth Approximation", Erkenntnis 75, 2011 (guest-edited volume).

  • Reutlinger, A., Schurz, G. and Hüttemann, A.: "Ceteris Paribus Laws", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2011 Edition), E. N. Zalta (ed.), http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ceteris-paribus.

  • Schurz, G.: "Combinations and Completeness Transfer for Modal Quantificational Logics", Logic Journal of the IGPL 19/4, 2011, 598-616 (DOI 10.1093/jigpal/jzp085).

  • Schurz, G.: "Truth-conduciveness as the primary epistemic justification of normative systems of reasoning", Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34, 2011, 266-267.

  • Schurz, G.: Evolution in Natur und Kultur. Eine Einführung in die verallgemeinerte Evolutionstheorie, Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg 2011.

  • Thorn, P. D. "Undercutting defeat via reference properties of differing parity", Analysis, Vol. 71 (4), 2011.

Master's thesis & dissertations
  • Schuster, A.: Prototypes frames: Theories of concepts and the empirical evidence.
  • Christian, A.: Wissenschaft und Pseudowissenschaft - Ein Beitrag zum Demarkationsproblem. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2013. [master´s thesis]
  • Rosner, M.: Theorien zur Gestaltung der modernen Organisation - Eine interdisziplinäre Perspektive. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2011. [master´s thesis]
  • Paulßen, J.: Das Problem der Kurvenanpassung - Das Balancieren der Ansprüche der Einfachheit und der Genauigkeit. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2011. [dissertation]
  • Ballhausen, W.: Technikphilosophische Aspekte der Automatisierungstechnik. Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main 2010. [dissertation]
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