Downloadable Papers / Aufsätze zum Herunterladen

Downloadable papers and preprints until 2011, sorted according to date of (pre-)publication; most recent papers first. / Herunterladbare Papers und Preprints bis 2011 geordnet nach dem Datum der (Prä-) Publikation; jüngste Papers zuerst.

 

2011e: Verisimilitude and Belief Revision. With a Focus on the Relevant Element Account

This paper has appeared in Erkenntnis Vol 75, No 2, 2011, 203-221 (special volume entitled "Belief Revision Aiming At Truth Approximation", ed. by T. Kuipers and G. Schurz).

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2011d: Abductive Belief Revision in Science

In: E. Olsson and S. Enqvist, (eds.), Belief Revision Meets Philosophy of Science, Springer, New York 2011.

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2011c: Combinations and completeness transfer for quantified modal logics

This paper has appeared in the Logic Journal of IGPL, Vol 19, No 4, 2011, 598-616.

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2011b: Genuine Confirmation and the Use-Novelty Criterion

TPD Preprints 2011/2

Modified version appears in: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 2012.

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2011a: Logico-Probabilistic Reasoning Systems: Logical Investigation and Simulation Based Analysis

TPD Reprints 2011/1

Submitted paper.

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2010f: Together with Paul Weingartner: Zwart and Franssen's impossibility theorem holds for possible-world-accounts but not for consequence-accounts to verisimilitude

This paper has appeared in Synthese 172, 2010, 415-436.

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2010e: Local, General and Universal Prediction Strategies: A Game-Theoretical Approach to the Problem of Induction

In: M. Suárez et al. (eds.), EPSA Epistemology and methodology of Science: Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association, Springer, Dordrecht 2010, 267-278.

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2010d: Together with Ioannis Votsis: The Caloric Concept under a Frame-Theoretic Spotlight

TPD Reprints 2010/6

To appear in: R. Osswald and S. Löbner (eds.), Concept Types and Frames. Application in Language, Cognition, and Science, Springer, New York.

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2010c: Meta-Induction and the Spread of Knowledge in the Social Evolution of Belief

TPD Reprints 2010/5

To appear in: Analyse and Critique 2011.

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2010b: Tweety, or Why Probabilism (and even Bayesianism) Need Objective and Evidential Probabilities

TPD Reprints 2010/3

to appear in: D. Corfield, J. Williamson (eds.), Pluralistic Foundations of Statistics (Workshop an der Univ. of Kent 9/2010), Springer, New York.

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2010a: Together with M. Unterhuber: Different Kinds of Pragmatic Factors Explain Failures of Default-to-Stereotype Inferences

TPD Preprints 2010/2

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2009e: Global Value Distribution and Value Clashes

TPD preprints 2009/4

In: M.Baurman, G. Brennan, B. Goodin and N. Southwood (eds.), Norms and Values. Social Norms as Instruments of Value Realisation, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden 2010, 239-256.

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2009d: Meta-Induction and Social Epistemology: Computer Simulations of Prediction Games

This paper has appeared in Episteme 6 (No. 2), 2009, 200-220.

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2009c: Structural Correspondence, Indirect Refe­rence, and Partial Truth: Phlogiston Theory and Newtonian Mechanics

This paper has appeared in Synthese 180 (No 2) 2009 (guest-edited volume by G. Schurz and I. Votsis), 103-120.

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2009b: Meliorative Reliabilist Epistemology: Where Externalism and Internalism Meet

This paper has appeared in Grazer Philosophische Studien 79, 2009, 41-62

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2009a: When Empirical Success Implies Theoretical Reference: A Structural Correspondence Theorem

This paper has appeared in the British Journal for Philosophy of Science 60, 2009, 101-133.

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2008f: Patterns of Abduction

This paper has appeared in Synthese 164, 2008, 201-234.

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2008e: Together with H. Leitgeb: Finitistic and Frequentistic Approximation of Probability Measures with or without σ-Additivity

This paper has appeared in Studia Logica 89, 2008, 257-283. Special Issue: Applied Logic in the Philosophy of Science, edited by Leon Horsten and Igor Douven.

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2008d: Third-Person Internalism: A Critical Examniation of Externalism and a Foundation-Oriented Alternative

This paper has appeared in Acta Analytica 23, 2008, 9-28.

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2008c: The Meta-Inductivist's Winning Strategy in the Prediction Game: A New Approach to Hume's Problem

This paper has appeared in Philosophy of Science 75, 2008, 278-305.
The Download includes an Erratum to it which has appeared in Philosophy of Science 72 (no. 2).

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2008b: Common Cause Abduction and the Formation of Theoretical Concepts

TPD Preprints 2008/2.

An improved version of this paper will appear in: Cédric Dégremont et al. (eds.), Essays in Honour of Shahid Rahman, College Publications, London 2009.

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2008a: Prototypes and their Composition from an Evolutionary Point of View

TPD Preprints 2008/1.

In an improved version this paper will appear in: Hinzen, W. et al (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Compositionality, Oxford University Press 2009.

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2007b: Weltanschauungsanalyse und Robert Musils "Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften"

This paper has appeared in Kriterion 21, 2007, 16-45.

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2007a: Meta-Induction: A Game-Theoretical Approach to Hume's Problem

Powerpoint file of a talk on meta-induction (held at the 13th LMPS Congress in Beijing, November 2008 at Carnegie Mellon University and in an improved version at Carnegie Mellon University Pittsaburgh and University of California, Irvine)

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2006: Human Conditional Reasoning Explained by Non-Monotonicity and Probability: An Evolutionary Account

TPD Preprints 2006/1.

This paper has appeared in: Vosniadou S. et al. (eds.), Proceedings of EuroCogSci07. The European Cognitive Science Conference 2007, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New York 2007, 628-633.

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2005d: Non-monotonic Reasoning from an Evolution-Theoretic Perspective: Ontic, Logical and Cognitive Foundations

This paper has appeared in Synthese 146/1-2, 2005, 37-51.

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2005c: Laws of Nature versus System Laws

In: Faye, J et al. (ed., 2005): Nature's Principles, Springer, Berlin, 255-268.

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2005b: Semantic Holism and (Non-)Compositionality in Scientific Theories

In: M. Werning et al. (Hg.), The Compositionality of Meaning and Content. Vol.I, Ontos-Verlag, Frankfurt 2005, 271-284

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2005a: Clash of Civilizations? An Evolution-Theoretic and Empirical Investigation of Huntington's Theses

TPD Preprints 2005/1.

Modified version appeared in: C. Kanzian, E. Runggaldier (eds.), Cultures. Conflict-Analysis-Diagnosis, Ontos Verlag, Frankfurt 2007.

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2004b: Kuiper's Account to H-D Confirmation and Truthlikeness: Discussion and Comparison with the Relevant-Element and the Content-Part Approach

TPD Preprints 2004/2.

Slightly modified version published in: Festa, R. (Hrsg.), Logics of Scientific Discovery. Essays in Debate With Theo Kuipers, Rodopi, Amsterdam 2005, 141-159.

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2004a: Nontrivial Versions of Hume's Is-Ought Thesis and Their Logical Presuppositions

TPD Preprints 2004/1.

Modified version appeared in: C. Pigden (Hg.), Hume on 'Is', and 'Ought', Palgrave Maxmillan, Hampshire 2010, 198-216.

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2003b: Zur Rolle von Brückenprinzipien in einer faktenorientierten Ethik

TPD Preprints 2003/2.

Published in: C. Lütge, G. Vollmer (Hg.), Fakten statt Normen?, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden 2004, 14-27.

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2003a: Meta-Induction and the Prediction Game: A New View On Hume's Problem

TPD Preprints 2003/1.

Published in: W. Löffler, P. Weingartner (Hg.), Knowledge and Belief. Wissen und Glauben, öbv & hpt, Wien 2004, 244-255.

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2002d: Ceteris Paribus Laws: Classification and Deconstruction

This paper has appeared in Erkenntnis 57, No. 3, 2002, 351-372.

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2002c: Rationaler Ethikbegründung und ihre Grenzen: Das Sein-Sollen Problem aus moderner Sicht

TPD Preprints 2002/4.

This is an extended and much more detailed version of 1994a.

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2002b: Erklären und Verstehen: Tradition, Transformation und Aktualität einer klassischen Kontroverse

PE Preprint Series 2002/1.

Published in: Jaeger, F. und Straub, J. (Hg.), Handbuch der Kulturwissenschaften. Band 2 (Kap. 8.5), J. B. Metzler Verlag, Stuttgart, 2004, 156-174.

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2002a: Models of Abductive Reasoning

TPD-Preprint Series 1/2002.

Paper held at the Conference "Questions and Answers - the Socratic Tradition" in Tartu/Estland 2001.

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2001e: Normische Gesetzeshypothesen und die wissenschaftsphilosophische Bedeutung des nichtmonotonen Schließens

This paper has appeared in Journal for General Philosophy of Science 32, 2001, 65 - 107.

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2001d: Pietroski and Rey on Ceteris Paribus Laws

PE Preprint Series 2001/3

Slightly modified version published in: The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52, 2001, 359-370.
In Brit. J. Phil. Sci 46, Pietroski and Rey ([1995]) have suggested a reconstruction of ceteris paribus (CP)-laws, which ? as they claim ? saves CP-laws from vacuity. This discussion note intends to show, by way of a logical theorem, that Pietroski and Rey?s reconstruction cannot avoid the result that CP-laws are almost vacuous.

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2001c: Alethic Modal Logic and Semantics - A Compendium

PE Preprint Series 2001/2

Slightly modified version published in: D. Jacquette (ed.), A Companion to Philosophical Logic (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy), Blackwell, Oxford 2001, pp. 442-477.

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2001b: Natürliche und kulturelle Evolution: Skizze einer verallgemeinerten Evolutionstheorie

In: W. Wickler und L. Salwiczek (Hg.), Wie wir die Welt erkennen (Grenzfragen Bd. 27), Karl Alber Verlag, Freiburg 2001, 329-376.

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2001a: What Is 'Normal'? An Evolution-Theoretic Foundation of Normic Laws and Their Relation to Statistical Normality.

This paper has appeared in Philosophy of Science 28, 2001, 476-97. The paper presents a foundation of normic laws of the form "if A, then normally B", which is based on generalized evolution theory and explains their omnipresence, lawlikeness and reliability. An argument is presented which shows that the fact that normic laws are a product of Evolution must establish a systematic connection between prototypical and statistical normality.

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2000: Rudolf Carnap's Modal Logic

PE Preprint Series 2000/2

Reduced version published in: W. Stelzner und M. Stöckler (Hg.), Zwischen traditioneller und moderner Logik. Nichtklassische Ansätze, Mentis Verlag, Paderborn 2001, pp. 365-380.

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1999: Normic Laws, Nonmonotonic Reasoning, and Philosophy of Science

SFB F012 Preprint Series 1999/1 and PE Preprint Series 2001/1.

Modified and extended version published in: Rahman. S. et al. (eds.), Logic, Epistemology, and the Unity of Science, Dordrecht, Kluwer, 2004, 181-211.
Normic laws have the form "if A, then normally B". If a philosophical analysis of normic laws is combined with certain developments in nonmonotonic logic, several problems in philosophy of science can be seen in a new perspective which, at least in many cases, allows to improve their received analysis.

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1998c: Probabilistic Semantics for Delgrande's Conditional Logic and a Counterexample to his Default Logic

This paper has appeared in Artificial Intelligence Vol. 102, No. 1, 1998, 81-95.

The paper has two main results. (1.) A corrected version of Delgrande's conditional logic corresponds to Adams's extended probability logic and thus has a useful
probabilistic interpretation. (2.) There is a serious defect in Delgrande's default logic: it may produce inconsistent extensions.

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1998b: Geschichte des Positivismus und Neopositivismus im Österreich des 19. und 20. Jahrhunderts

IPS-Preprints 1998/2 and PE Preprint Series 2000/3

Modified version published as:
"Wissenschafts- und Erkenntnistheorie, Logik und Sprache: Positivismus, Neopositivismus und das Umfeld" in: K. Acham (Hg.), Geschichte der österreichischen Humanwissenschaften. Band 6.1: Philosophie und Religion: Erleben, Wissen, Erkennen,Passagen
Verlag, Wien 2004.

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1998a: Tarski and Carnap on Logical Truth - or: what is Genuine Logic?

IPS-Preprints 1998/1

Published in: J. Wolenski and E. Köhler (Ed.), Alfred Tarski and the Vienna Circle. (Institute Vienna Circle Yearbook 6/1998), Kluwer, Dordrecht 1999, 77-94.

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1997d: Kinds of Pragmatisms and Pragmatic Components of Knowledge

IPS-Preprints 1997/5

Published in: P. Weingartner et al. (Ed.), in: The Role of Pragmatics in Contemporary Philosophy, Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, Vienna 1998, 9 - 22.

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1997c: Probabilistic Default Logic Based on Relevance and Irrelevance Assumptions

In: D. Gabbay et al. (eds.), Qualitative and Quantitative Practical Reasoning, LNAI 1244, Springer, Berlin 1997, 536 - 553.
This paper embeds default logic into an extension of Adams' probability logic, called the system P+ DP. Default reasoning is furnished with two mechanisms: one generates (ir)relevance assumptions, and the other propagates lower probability bounds. Together both mechanisms make default reasoning probabilistically reliable. There is an exact correspondence between Poole-extensions and P+ DP-extensions.

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1997b: Sprachabhängigkeit der Erkenntnis

IPS-Preprints 1997/3

Reduced version published in: J. Nida-Rümelin (Hg.), Rationalität, Realismus, Revision, W. de Gruyter, Berlin 1999, 427 -434.

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1997a: Probabilistically Reliable Default Reasoning

IPS-Preprints 1997/2.

This paper superimposes an assumption generation mechanism (AGM) and a lower bound propagation mechanism (LBM) on default reasoning. AGM generates minimal probabilistic assumptions which are needed to derive default conclusions safely, and LBM supplies (approximately) tight lower probability bounds of the conclusions. Together both mechanisms make default reasoning probabilistically reliable.

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1996e: Kinds of Unpredictability in Deterministic Systems

In: P. Weingartner/G. Schurz (eds.), Law and Prediction in the Light of Chaos Research, Springer, Berlin 1996, 123 -141.

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1996d: Together with Kit Fine: Transfer Theorems for Multimodal Logics

In: B. J. Copeland (ed.), Logic and Reality, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1996, 169-213.

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1996c: Popperund das Problem der Induktion

IPS-Preprints 1996/3

Published as "Das Problem der Induktion" in: H. Keuth (Hrsg.), Karl Popper. Logik der Forschung, Akademie-Verlag, Berlin 1998, 25-40.

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1996b: Die Goodman-Paradoxie: Ein Invarianz- und Relevanzproblem

IPS-Preprints 1996/2

Reduced version published in: W. Lenzen (Ed.), Das weite Spektrum der analytischen Philosophie, de Gruyter, Berlin 1997, 290 - 306.

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1996a: Relevance Criteria for Deductive Reasoning

IPS-Preprints 1996/1.

After classifying relevance approaches into ante-, in- and postvalidity approaches I present the replacement criterion for relevance and demonstrate some of its applications, in particular to theorem proving.

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1995f: Most General First Order Theorems are Not Recursively Enumerable

This paper has appeared in Theoretical Computer Science Vol. 148, 1995, 149-163.

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1995e: Scientific Explanation: A Critical Survey

This paper has appeared in Foundations of Science Vol I, No 3, 1995, 429 - 465.

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1995d: Unification, Understanding, and Scientific Progress

IPS-Preprints 1995/4

Shortened version published in: G. Meggle (Ed.), Analyomen 2. Proceedings of 2nd Analyomen Conference. Vol I, de Gruyter, Berlin 1997, 481-494.

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1995c: The Role of Negation in Nonmonotonic and Defeasible Reasoning

IPS-Preprints 1995/3

Published in: H. Wansing (Ed.), Negation. A Notion in Focus, W. de Gruyter, Berlin 1996, 197-231.
This paper analyses nonmonotonic dan defeasible reasoning from the viewpoint of negation by default.

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1995b: Die Bedeutung des abduktiven Schließens in Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie

IPS-Preprints 1995/2

Reduced version published in: A. Schramm (Ed.), Philosophie in Österreich 1996, Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, Vienna 1996, 91 - 109.

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1995a: The Role of Relevance in Deductive Reasoning

IPS-Preprints 1995/1

A modified version has appeared as "Relevance in Deductive Reasoning: a Critical Overview" in: G. Schurz und M. Ursic (Eds.), Beyond Classical Logic: Philosophical and Computational Investigations in Deductive Reasoning and Relevance, Conceptus-Studien, Academia Verlag, St. Augustin 1998.

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1994d: Together with Karel Lambert: Outline of a Theory of Scientific Understanding

This paper has appeared in Synthese 101, No 1, 1994, 65 - 120.

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1994c: Ein quantenmechanisches Argument für die Existenz konkreter Universalien

IPS-Preprints 1994/5

Reduced version published in: J.L.Brandl et. al. (Eds.), Metaphysik. Neue Zugänge zu alten Fragen, Academia, Sankt Augustin 1995, 97-120.

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1994b: Hume's Is-Ought Thesis in Logics With Alethic-Deontic Bridge Principles

IPS-Preprints 1994/4

Slightly rteduced version published in: Logique et Analyse Vol. 37, No 147-48, 1994, 265 - 293.

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1994a: Grenzen rationaler Ethikbegründung: Das Sein-Sollen-Problem aus moderner Sicht

IPS-Preprints 1994/3

Published in: Ethik und Sozialwissenschaften 6, No 2, 1995, 163 - 176 (with 25 comments and a reply).

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1993: Koexistenzweisen rivalisierender Paradigmen. Eine begriffserklärende und problemtypologisierende Studie

IPS-Preprints 1993/2

Slightly modified version published in: Schurz, G. and Weingartner, P. (Eds.), Koexistenzweisen rivalisierender Paradigmen. Ein post-kuhnsche Bestandsaufnahme zur Struktur gegenwärtiger Wissenschaft, Westdeutscher Verlag, Wiesbaden 1998, 1-52.

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1992: Logical Truth: Comments on Etchmendy's Critique of Tarski

IPS-Preprints 1992/1

Published in: Twardowski, B./Wolenski, J. (Eds.), Sixty Years of Tarski's Definition of Truth. Proceedings of the Conference held in Kraków April 1993, Philed, Kraków 1994, 78 -95.

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1991b: Relevant Deduction. From Solving Paradoxes Towards a General Theory

This paper has appeared in Erkenntnis 35, 1991, 391 - 437.
The paper presents an outline of a new theory of relevant deduction which arose from the purpose of solving paradoxes in various fields of analytic philosophy. In distinction to relevance logics, this approach does not replace classical logic by a new one, but distinguishes between relevance and validity. It is argued that irrelevant arguments are, although formally valid, nonsensical and even harmful in practical applications. The basic idea is this: a valid deduction is relevant iff no subformula of the conclusion is replaceable on some of its occurrences by any other formula salva validitate of the deduction. Finally the paper presents an overview of its applications in philosophy of science, ethics, cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence.

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1991a: Carnaps Entdeckung theoretischer Begriffe und ihre Konsequenzen

IPS-Preprints 1991/1

(Publication delayed)

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1990b: Paradoxical Consequences of Balzer's and Gähde's Criteria of Theoreticity. Results of an Applictaion to ten Scientific Theories

This Paper has appeared in Erkenntnis 32, 1990, 161-214.

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1990a: Charles Sanders Peirce: Die pragmatische Theorie der Erkenntnis

IPS-Preprints 1990/2

Modified version published in: Speck, J. (Ed.), Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen, Band Neuzeit V, Vandenhoeck und Ruprecht (UTB), Göttingen 1991, 115 - 169.

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1982: Ein logisch-pragmatisches Modell von deduktiv-nomologischer Erlärung (Systematisierung)

This paper has appeared in Erkenntnis 17, 1982, 321-347.

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Verantwortlich für den Inhalt: E-Mail sendenProf. Dr. Gerhard Schurz (Redakteur: Alexander Christian)