04.12.18 Abduction and Modelling in Metaphysics - A Series of Events with Timothy Willamson

Methodological questions have been in the focus of many recent philosophical debates. The role of thought experiments, the method of cases, intuitions, etc. has been studied intensively within metaphilosophy. This reflective attitude is often considered to be a characteristic feature of philosophical investigation and, hence, it is no surprise that occasionally it results in some kind of self-application. In metaphysics, recent severe criticism of traditional investigations led to quite versatile metametaphysical stances: There is the radical sceptical approach according to which metaphysical studies better dissolve in the corresponding branches of science rather than being performed in an encapsulated way; and there is the other end of the spectrum according to which metaphysics is a self-standing endeavour to be conducted in an a priori fashion. In between are more moderate stances proposing that metaphysical investigation ought to employ both, scientific findings and methods on the one hand, and conceptual analysis and methods of traditional metaphysics on the other. Inductive metaphysics, for example, aims at applying the abductive and modelling methodology of science within metaphysical investigation....

Category: Theoretische Philosophie

30.10.18 Prof. Jean-Yves Beziau (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro): Universal Logic

Date

30.10.18   /  18:30 - 20:00 

Place

24.53.01 Room 81

 

Abstract

In this talk I will explain the idea of universal logic, as a general theory of logical systems.

I will make some comparisons with universal algebra, a theory of algebraic structures, which itself is not an algebra and with general linguistics, a theory of languages, which itself is not a language.

I will describe the methodology that is used to develop universal logic and discuss some central problems of universal logic, in particular the question of translations between logical systems.

 

Speaker

Jean-Yves Beziau is a Swiss Logician, Philosopher and Mathematician, PhD in Mathematics and PhD in Philosophy. He has been working in different countries: France, Brazil, Poland, California (UCLA, UCSD and Stanford) and Switzerland.

He is the originator of Universal Logic as a general theory of logical structures. He is the founder and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Logica Universalis and book series Studies in Universal Logic, both published by Birkhäuser/Springer, Basel. He is the organizer of the series of events UNILOG (World Congress and School on Universal Logic): Montreux 2005, Xi'an 2007, Lisbon 2010, Rio de...

Category: Theoretische Philosophie

25.09.18 Siegfried Jaag und Christian Feldbacher-Escamilla mit Best-Paper / Best-Poster Award ausgezeichnet

Im Rahmen des 10. Kongress der Gesellschaft für Analytische Philosophie e.V. (GAP) wurden Dr. Siegfried Jaag mit dem Best-Paper Award sowie Mag. phil. Christian Feldbacher-Escamilla mit dem Best-Poster Award ausgezeichnet.

Category: Aus den Instituten, Philosophie, Theoretische Philosophie

05.09.18 Buchveröffentlichung: Logik - Grund- und Aufbaukurs in Aussagen- und Prädikatenlogik

Prof. Dr. Gerhard Schurz hat seine Einführung in die Logik (Grund- und Aufbaukurs in die Aussagen- und Prädikatenlogik) bei De Gruyter veröffentlicht.

Category: Philosophie, Theoretische Philosophie

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