Aktuelle Meldungen

06.01.19 The Possibility of Metaphysics: Between Inductive, Analytic, and Transcendental Arguments

In the last century, metaphysics in the traditional sense became subject of radical scepticism. One strategy to save metaphysics from sceptical doubts is bringing metaphysical investigation closer to scientific practice. This workshop is intended to explore the Kantian question whether metaphysics is possible as a “science”, and if so, whether it can or should be conducted on the basis of scientific methods and findings or whether it can still be justified as an aprioristic enterprise. A Kantian strategy to counter scepticism is the use of transcendental arguments. Questions of particular interest are – among others – the following ones: How can metaphysics be justified? Is metaphysics an aprioristic discipline or should it be pursued on the basis of scientific findings or argumentative methods used in the sciences such as induction and abduction? How do transcendental arguments relate to inferences made in the sciences? What is their relevance for modern metaphysical approaches such as naturalised metaphysics or the Canberra plan? Which role do empirical data and empirical methods play in contemporary metaphysics and can their use in metaphysics be justified?


04.12.18 Abduction and Modelling in Metaphysics - A Series of Events with Timothy Willamson

Methodological questions have been in the focus of many recent philosophical debates. The role of thought experiments, the method of cases, intuitions, etc. has been studied intensively within metaphilosophy. This reflective attitude is often considered to be a characteristic feature of philosophical investigation and, hence, it is no surprise that occasionally it results in some kind of self-application. In metaphysics, recent severe criticism of traditional investigations led to quite versatile metametaphysical stances: There is the radical sceptical approach according to which metaphysical studies better dissolve in the corresponding branches of science rather than being performed in an encapsulated way; and there is the other end of the spectrum according to which metaphysics is a self-standing endeavour to be conducted in an a priori fashion. In between are more moderate stances proposing that metaphysical investigation ought to employ both, scientific findings and methods on the one hand, and conceptual analysis and methods of traditional metaphysics on the other. Inductive metaphysics, for example, aims at applying the abductive and modelling methodology of science within metaphysical investigation....


30.10.18 Prof. Jean-Yves Beziau (Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro): Universal Logic

Date

30.10.18   /  18:30 - 20:00 

Place

24.53.01 Room 81

 

Abstract

In this talk I will explain the idea of universal logic, as a general theory of logical systems.

I will make some comparisons with universal algebra, a theory of algebraic structures, which itself is not an algebra and with general linguistics, a theory of languages, which itself is not a language.

I will describe the methodology that is used to develop universal logic and discuss some central problems of universal logic, in particular the question of translations between logical systems.

 

Speaker

Jean-Yves Beziau is a Swiss Logician, Philosopher and Mathematician, PhD in Mathematics and PhD in Philosophy. He has been working in different countries: France, Brazil, Poland, California (UCLA, UCSD and Stanford) and Switzerland.

He is the originator of Universal Logic as a general theory of logical structures. He is the founder and Editor-in-Chief of the journal Logica Universalis and book series Studies in Universal Logic, both published by Birkhäuser/Springer, Basel. He is the organizer of the series of events UNILOG (World Congress and School on Universal Logic): Montreux 2005, Xi'an 2007, Lisbon 2010, Rio de...


25.09.18 Siegfried Jaag und Christian Feldbacher-Escamilla mit Best-Paper / Best-Poster Award ausgezeichnet

Im Rahmen des 10. Kongress der Gesellschaft für Analytische Philosophie e.V. (GAP) wurden Dr. Siegfried Jaag mit dem Best-Paper Award sowie Mag. phil. Christian Feldbacher-Escamilla mit dem Best-Poster Award ausgezeichnet.


05.09.18 Buchveröffentlichung: Logik - Grund- und Aufbaukurs in Aussagen- und Prädikatenlogik

Prof. Dr. Gerhard Schurz hat seine Einführung in die Logik (Grund- und Aufbaukurs in die Aussagen- und Prädikatenlogik) bei De Gruyter veröffentlicht.


05.09.18 Buchveröffentlichung: The Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition

Das "Oxford Handbook of 4E Cognition" mit einem Beitrag von Dr. Arne M. Weber und Prof. Dr. Gottfried Vosgerau ist erschienen.


20.05.18 YouTube Channel Gerhard Schurz

This YouTube channel provides video content of lectures and talks by the philosopher of science Gerhard Schurz. He is professor and chairholder for Theoretical Philosophy at the Heinrich Heine University of Düsseldorf (www.philosophie.hhu.de/lehrstuhl-schurz), director of Düsseldorf Center for Logic and Philosophy of Science (dclps.hhu.de) and president of the German Philosophy of Science Association (www.wissphil.de).


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